Grammar – Back to Basics
By English Tutor, Africa:
There are many things and lessons that many of us were taught in primary and high school that were quite boring and didn't make any sense then. They are the building blocks of grammar. When you eventually construct a sentence, it is important to know what function each word plays AND this may not be the scoring of points or marks in a grammar test, but for your own understanding and general knowledge. This is to help know beyond the idea but to understand what each building block of a sentence is.
One sentence will serve as a base for each building block and I will explain in the simplest form what each is in the sentence.
The children woke up late this morning. Their tired and annoyed mother dutifully fed them and then she quickly drove them to school.
- Noun (the children): a naming word in a sentence. It refers to the person, place or thing.
- Verb (woke): is the doing word in a sentence. It is according to dictionary explanation, the word that expresses the idea of action, doing or happening.
- Pronoun (she): in a sentence, a pronoun stands in for the noun.
- Adverb (dutifully, quickly): is a word in a sentence that adds more information about the place, time, circumstances, manner, cause, degree, etc to a verb, an adjective, a phrase, or another adverb
- Adjective (tired, annoyed): a word that indicates a quality of the person or thing referred to by a noun or simply put a word that adds information about a noun or a pronoun.
- Conjunction (and): a word that joins words, sentences or phrases.
There are many other parts of speech that would make life more complicated like: Countable and uncountable nouns. These help determine whether the verb is used with singular or plural verbs.
There are also verbs used with clauses, infinitive clauses, transitive verbs and how direct speech also affects spoken and written grammar.