A participle is a word formed from a verb, ending in – ing (present participle), words ending with – ed and – en are past participles. Participles are used in verb phrases or as adjectives.
- You haven't ate?
- Have they sang yet?
- I should have went with her.
- How many have you wrote?
- When you ask a question or make a statement it can either be in the past, present or the future tense. When you mix the tenses, the grammar becomes faulted. You cannot continue to ask a question about a past action in the present or the future.
Ate is the past tense of eat. Eaten expresses the action that is yet to be done, so it is a present continuous tense. It is the past participle of eat. Past Participles are used in the present perfect, past perfect and PASSSIVE forms of verbs (e.g. eaten, beaten, sung, pretended etc).
Present participles are those that have words ending with – ing, having, going, eating etc.
- Sang is the past tense of sing. A person cannot continue to sing in the past and the present which I why this sense is grammatically incorrect. Sung expresses an action that has been done and so should be used in a sentence that denotes something that has been done. Sung is the past participle of sing.
Anita will sing after the others have sung.
Anita sang very well.
- Went is the past tense of go. It can only be used with reference to the action having been done.
I.e. she is going. (present tense)
She has gone. (Past tense)
He went with her. (Past participle of going)
- Wrote the past tense of write. Written is the past participle of write.
- You haven't eaten?
- You hadn't eaten?
- Have you eaten?
- Have you sung?
- He hadn't sung?
- I should have gone with her.
- How many have you written?
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